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Global Conflict: Afghanistan Wars (19th, 20th and 21st century)

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Afghanistan Wars (19th, 20th and 21st century)

A Brief History of Afghanistan

Afghanistan has been at war for hundreds of years. The country was first invaded by Asians about 1500 B.C. and then by the Persians. Alexander the Great conquered most of Afghanistan about 330 B.C. Since then, Arab Muslims, Mongols, the United Kingdom and Russia have all fought for control of the country. In 1919, the British bowed out and Afghanistan became independent.

In the late 1970s came invasion by the Soviet Union but it wasn't long before the locals rebelled - they didn't like the communistic policies. The Soviet Union sent in thousands of troops to battle it out with the rebels who called themselves Mujaheddin, which means holy warriors. The Soviets had better equipment but the Mujaheddin was supported and armed by the United States. In 1988, the Soviet troops began retreating from Afghanistan. Eventually, the Mujaheddin overthrew the government. Several different coalitions began governing the country but they fought amongst themselves so things weren't stable.


Websites to visit for more information

Afghanistan 1979-1989 - The Cold War

The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan